2007 Lecture Series Schedule

From a Culture of War to a Culture of Peace
Irving Sarnoff
Founder, Friends of the United Nations
Saturday May 19, 2007
4:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center

During years of human rights activism and outspoken opposition to abuses of human dignity, Irving Sarnoff saw repeatedly how solutions and a pattern for a world at peace were already provided for in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other fundamental documents of the United Nations. The task, he realized, lay in getting the declaration widely known, understood and applied.

Mr. Sarnoff has consistently worked to put this concept into action. He has served as founder and director of the Southern California Alliance for Survival, the Southern California Peace Action Council, the Mississippi Assistance Project and the Interfaith Council for the United Nations.

Mr. Sarnoff stood as a delegate to the World Assembly of Religious Peaceworkers in Tokyo and the World Assembly for Peace in Prague. He acted as executive producer for a series of events in support of the United Nations, culminating in 1982 in Peace Sunday at the Rose Bowl, attended by 100,000 people.

In 1985, Mr. Sarnoff founded the Friends of the United Nations, whose purpose is to promote the spirit and vision of the U.N. Charter and to encourage participation from all sectors of society in the United Nations’ goal of a peaceful, flourishing planet.

This organization works with the United Nations and U.N. nongovernmental organizations, sponsoring briefings throughout the United States on the work of the United Nations. Through coalitions created with artists and the entertainment industry, the advertising industry, educational workers and legislators, Friends of the United Nations helps to keep people informed of U.N. activities, goals and accomplishments.

1Building Peace In Divided Cities
Scott Bollens, Ph.D.
Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning
School of Social Ecology
University of California, Irvine
Saturday, June 27
4:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center
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Dr. Scott Bollens is a professor in the department of Urban and Region Planning in the School of Social Ecology at the University of Calfiornia, Irvine. Professor Bollens was also recently appointed the Drew, Chase, and Erin Warmington Chair in the Social Ecology of Peace and International Cooperation. He has conducted a thorough examination of urban planning techniques and tactics in a number of conflict ridden cities. Since 1994, he’s interviewed more than 120 urban professionals in Jerusalem, Belfast, Johannesburg, Nicosia and Sarajevo about the role of city building in the midst of nationalistic ethnic conflict. In April 2002, Bollens presented his findings in a paper titled “Practical Strategies of Urban Peace-Building” at a seminar in Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina. The seminar brought together experts on urban cooperation in politically and ethnically contested areas, including a group of eight Israelis and Palestinians who have been examining the challenges and options in planning a Jerusalem of mutual acceptability. In his studies of city planning practices that either serve the ways of war or the paths of peace, Dr. Bollens sees ramifications for America. Worldwide urban studies have shown him that planners in the United States have much to learn when accommodating the American melting pot. For more information on Dr. Bollen’s work, please download City and Soul.

 

2Culture of Peace Distinguished Speaker Series Inaugural Lecture
Ambassador Anwarul K. Chowdhury
Former Under-Secretary-General and High Representative of the United Nations
Tuesday, July 17
7:00 p.m.
New York Culture of Peace Resource Center


Mr. Anwarul Karim Chowdhury was appointed in March 2002 by the Secretary-General of the United Nations as Under-Secretary-General and High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States. In December 2003, Mr. Chowdhury was designated as the Secretary-General of the International Meeting for the ten-year review of the Barbados Programme of Action for the Sustainable Development of the Small Island Developing States held in Mauritius from 10-14 January 2005. Mr. Chowdhury was also designated the Secretary-General of the International Ministerial Conference of Landlocked and Transit Developing Countries and the Donor Community on Transit Transport Cooperation held in Almaty, Kazakhstan on 28-29 August 2003. Prior to his appointment, Ambassador Chowdhury completed his assignment (1996-2001) as Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United Nations in New York. He also served as Bangladesh's Ambassador to Chile, Nicaragua, Peru and Venezuela, as well as Bangladesh's High Commissioner to the Bahamas and Guyana. During his tenure as Permanent Representative, Mr. Chowdhury served as President of the Security Council, President of the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Executive Board and Vice-President of the Economic and Social Council of the UN in 1997 and 1998. He had served for more than 10 years, as the Coordinator for the Least Developed Countries in New York. In May 2001, he led the negotiations on behalf of the least developed countries at the Third United Nations Conference on Least Developed Countries, which adopted the comprehensive Brussels Programme of Action for the present decade. Mr. Chowdhury also chaired the Fifth (Administrative and Budgetary) Committee of the UN General Assembly in 1997-1998. From 1990-1993, Mr. Chowdhury was the UNICEF Director for Japan, Australia and New Zealand. Mr. Chowdhury was born in 1943 in Dhaka, Bangladesh and joined the diplomatic service in 1967. He holds a Master of Arts degree in Contemporary History and International Relations from the University of Dhaka. He has been a regular contributor to journals on peace, development and human rights issues, and a speaker at academic institutions and other forums. He also served as an Adjunct Professor at the School of Diplomacy, Seton Hall University of the United States. Mr. Chowdhury is the recipient of the U Thant Peace Award and UNESCO Gandhi Gold Medal for Culture of Peace. He is an Honorary Patron of the Committee on Teaching About the UN (CTAUN), New York. In March 2003, the Soka University of Tokyo, Japan conferred on Ambassador Chowdhury an Honorary Doctorate for his work on women's issues, child rights and culture of peace as well as for the strengthening of the United Nations.
UNESCO Culture of Peace Website

 

3Climate Change and Peace
Richard Matthew, Ph.D.
Saturday, July 21
4:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center
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Dr. Richard A. Matthew is Associate Professor of International and Environmental Politics in the Schools of Social Ecology and Social Science at the University of California at Irvine, and Director of both the Center for Unconventional Security Affairs (www.cusa.uci.edu) and the associated Global Environmental Change and Human Security Research Office (www.gechs.uci.edu) at UCI. He is a Faculty Associate of the Global Peace and Conflict Studies Center and the Center for the Study of Democracy. He received his PhD from Princeton University and has taught at Georgetown University and Williams College. He has worked closely with the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and the International Institute for Sustainable Development, government departments and agencies including Defense and State, intergovernmental organizations including the United Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), and the private sector. His research focuses on understanding and responding to transnational security threats including global environmental change, terrorism, infectious disease and landmines. Much of this work has explored possibilities for reducing threat and vulnerability through education, conservation and poverty alleviation. He has undertaken field work throughout South Asia and other parts of the developing world, including Pakistan, Cambodia and South Africa.

 

4We Must Become The Change We Seek: Seven Ways to Build a Culture of Peace
Michael D’Innocenzo
Professor of History
Hofstra University
Thursday, August 9
7:00 p.m.
New York Culture of Peace Resource Center



Michael D’Innocenzo is a Professor of History and The Harry H. Wachtel Distinguished Teaching Professor for the Study of Nonviolent Social Change at Hofstra University. In addition, Mr. D’Innocenzo chairs the Advisory Board of the affiliated Center for Civic Engagement (CCE), which strengthens democratic values by encouraging students to actively participate as knowledgeable citizens in their campus, local, state, national and global communities. The CCE is founded on the premises that students who are engaged in their communities are more satisfied with their lives and social environment, including their university experience; that those who learn about civic engagement while young are likely to remain engaged, thus strengthening the democratic fabric; that specific activities and skills make for engaged citizens, and that these activities and skills can be encouraged and fostered through sustained deliberative and dialogic programs; and that students equipped with civic engagement experiences and skills can more effectively move from awareness to action.

 

5Educating Against Imperialism:
Critical Pedagogy, Social Justice and the Struggle for Peace

Peter McLaren, Ph.D.
Saturday, August 18
4:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center
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Peter McLaren is internationally recognized as one of the leading architects of critical pedagogy worldwide. McLaren is currently Professor of Education, Graduate School of Education and Information Studies, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). He earned a Bachelor of Arts in English Literature at Waterloo University in 1973, attended Toronto Teachers College and went on to earn a Bachelor of Education at the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Education, a Masters of Education at Brock University’s College of Education, and a Ph.D. at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto. Professor McLaren is the author, co-author, editor and co-editor of approximately forty books and monographs. Several hundred of his articles, chapters, interviews, reviews, commentaries and columns have appeared in dozens of scholarly journals and professional magazines since the publication of his first book, Cries From The Corridor, which made the Canadian bestseller list and was one of top ten bestselling books in Canada in 1980 (MacLean's Magazine), initiating a country-wide debate on the status of inner-city schools. Peter McLaren’s papers are housed and on permanent exhibit at the Paulo and Nita Freire Center for International Critical Pedagogy, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

 

6Peace In The World Is Everybody's Business
Ms. Betty Williams
Sunday, September 23
1:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center
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In the thirty years since she was awarded Nobel Peace Prize for her work to bring peace to her native Northern Ireland, Ms. Williams has devoted her life to fighting against the  injustices, cruelty and horrors perpetrated on the children of the world. Ms. Williams has traveled the globe recording the testimonies of children who have been subjected to suffering beyond belief and advocated for legislation to protect children. She has called for the creation of safe areas off limits to any form of military attack in every country where children are under the threat of death and destruction. These “Cities of Compassion” would protect children and ensure that they be treated with dignity, respect and love. Such cities would help alleviate the huge refugee and orphan problems that plague many countries today. As a result of her many years of work in Italy, World Centers of Compassion for Children International is building the first “City of Compassion” for children in the Basilicata Region of southern Italy. For more information, please visit http://www.centersofcompassion.org/. In addition, the Nobel Women's Initiative (NWI) was established in 2006 by Betty Williams and her sister Nobel Peace Laureates Jody Williams, Shirin Ebadi, Wangari Maathai, Rigoberta Menchú Tum, and Mairead Corrigan Maguire. These six women -- representing North and South America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa -- have brought together their extraordinary experiences in a united effort for peace with justice and equality. The mission of the Nobel Women’s Initiative is to address and prevent the root causes of violence by spotlighting and promoting the efforts of women’s rights activists, researchers and organizations working to advance peace, justice and equality. For more information, please visit www.nobelwomensinitiative.org

7Nuclear Weapons and the Human Future
David Krieger
Founder, Nuclear Age Peace Foundation
Friday, October 12
7:00 p.m.
New York Culture of Peace Resource Center

 



Dr. David Krieger is a founder of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation and has served as president of the Foundation since 1982. Under his leadership, the Foundation has initiated many innovative and important projects for building peace, strengthening international law, abolishing nuclear weapons and empowering a new generation of peace leaders. Dr. Krieger has lectured throughout the United States, Europe and Asia on issues of peace, security, international law and the abolition of nuclear weapons. He has received many awards for his work for a more peaceful and nuclear-weapons-free world.

He is the chair of the International Engineers and Scientists for Global Responsibility, a member of the International Steering Committee of the Middle Powers Initiative, and a Councilor of the World Future Council.  He serves on the Advisory Council of many organizations throughout the world working for peace and justice.In his early career, he was an assistant professor at the University of Hawaii and San Francisco State University. He worked at the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions on issues of international law and ocean governance, and at the Foundation for Reshaping the International Order in the Netherlands on the effects of dual-purpose technologies on disarmament, development and the environment.

 

8Fear and Insecurity As A Cause of Conflict
Douglas Becker, Ph.D.
Acting Director, Peace and Conflict Studies
Lecturer, School of International Relations
University of Southern California
Saturday, October 27, 2007
4:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center
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Dr. Douglas Becker is a lecturer in the School of International Relations at the University of Southern California. His expertise covers a wide range of topics, including the prosecution of war crimes, the United Nations and conflict resolution, international law, U.S. foreign policy and U.S. diplomatic history. Dr.  Becker is the acting director of the Peace and Conflict Studies program and advisor for the Peace and Conflict Scholars, as well as numerous other student groups. His most recent publication is The Bush Administration's Campaign Against the International Criminal Court (2004, as part of a collected volume). Dr. Becker is an active member of the International Studies Association and was president of the Model United Nations Educators Association, which is committed to aiding university and high school instructors in Model United Nations and United Nations research. He also served on the Board of Directors for the National Collegiate Conference Association.


10On Equality Between Women and Men and The Role of Cultural Exchange in Creating Peace
Beate Sirota Gordon
Monday, December 10, 2007
7:00 p.m.
New York Culture of Peace Resource Center




In 1998, Beate Sirota Gordon, former Performing Arts Director of the Japan Society, was decorated by the Japanese Government for her long-term service to Japanese culture. However, she should be better remembered for her contribution to Japanese women’s equality by drafting portions of the post-World War II Japanese Constitution. How was she, at the age of 22, involved in this historic and highly political enterprise?

The Constitution of Japan was ultra-secretly prepared in only 9 days, February 4th to 12th 1946, by 25 Americans including Beate Sirota Gordon. They were the officials of the Government Section, General Headquarters (GHQ). The Constitution was expected to follow "the MacArthur Note" and Washington guidelines. This was because General Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, had became convinced that a Japanese committee on constitutional revision was incapable of adequately democratizing the Imperial Constitution and that the Far Eastern Commission (representing the allied powers) might soon intervene in the matter. On 13th February, the Government Section officials delivered their hastily drafted constitution to the Japanese cabinet and said that the adoption would help to protect the imperial throne and to hasten the end of the Allied Occupation. In this off-the-record meeting, Miss Sirota was "the only woman in the room" as an interpreter. After difficult negotiations and wording revisions, on March 6, the Shidehara cabinet published the text as its own handiwork. General MacArthur announced to the world that he was satisfied with the "new and epoch-making" constitution. On the day when it was promulgated by Emperor Hirohito, Gordon and other GHQ members sat at the Diet gallery.

Though imposed by the United States, the Constitution itself was excellent and beneficial for the redevelopment of Japan. The people were released from militarism, which meant no spending on weapons for years to come. For the happiness of the majority, even land reform was conducted to some extent. The drafters were inspired with pacifism and humanistic idealism, for it was right after the war and before the Cold War. The Constitution had 3 new pillars; Renunciation of War, Sovereignty in the People (with the Emperor as symbol of nation), and Abolition of Feudalistic Family System (or Equality of Sexes). The articles on women read:

Article 14. All of the people are equal under the law and there shall be no discrimination in political, economic or social relations because of race, creed, sex, social status or family origin.

Article 24. Marriage shall be based only on the mutual consent of the both sexes and it shall be maintained through mutual cooperation with equal rights of husband and wife as a basis. With regard to choice of spouse, property rights, inheritance, choice of domicile, divorce and other matters pertaining to marriage and the family, laws shall be enacted from the standpoint of individual dignity and the essential equalities of the sexes. (The latter half is omitted.)

Beate Gordon was born in Vienna in 1924, the daughter of renowned Russian pianist Leo Sirota. She settled in Japan at the age of five, when her father was invited to teach at the Imperial Music Academy. Their house in Tokyo was a salon of artists from super-traditional KABUKI actors, modern dancers, and European musicians to Japanese painters and sculptors. She grew up in cultural diversity and richness. Meanwhile, through housemaids, friends and ladies coming to her mother’s social circle, Gordon came to know about Japanese women, rich or poor, whose social status was low under the feudalistic family system.

– By Kuniko Fujisawa


11Turning Street Warriors into Peacemakers: Gang Intervention in Los Angeles
Bill Martinez, M.S.
Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute for Public Affairs
California State University, Los Angeles
Saturday, December 15
4:00 p.m.
Santa Monica Culture of Peace Resource Center
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Mr. Martinez is the manager of the Youth and Gang Violence Intervention Specialist Training Program at the Edmund G. "Pat" Brown Institute for Public Affairs at California State University, Los Angeles. He is also Co-Director of the Unity Collaborative, a network of gang intervention agencies that serves the West, South and Central areas of the City of Los Angeles, and a former Executive Director of Community Youth Gang Services. Mr. Martinez’s previous experience has spanned diverse issues, including economic development and redevelopment, public finance, transportation and emergency preparedness planning. He previously served on the Board of the L.A. Commission on Assaults Against Women and is a founding member of the Los Angeles County Association of Community-based Gang Intervention Workers, where he is also a member of the Board of Directors. Mr. Martinez received a master's in city and regional planning from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.

Jerald Cavitt

Mr. Cavitt is an instructor in the Gang Violence Intervention Specialist Training Program and has volunteered in promoting understanding among rival gangs in his South Central Los Angeles community since 1994.  After joining Unity Two, a nonprofit gang intervention organization in Los Angeles, he launched Unity Two Chapter Two, an affiliated organization, and is its chief executive officer. In the summer of 2004, he helped negotiate the understanding between two rival gangs, the Swans and East Coast. His gang intervention work takes him to South Center Los Angeles and parts of West Los Angeles, Perris, Hawthorne, and Rancho Cucamonga in Southern California.



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